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About Karimnagar

Karimnagar, the administrative headquarters of the Karimnagar District, is situated 160 km north east of Hyderabad in Andhra Pradesh . The city was named after Syed Karimuddin, who is thought to be its founder. Karimnagar was formerly known as 'Sabbinadu' and inscriptions of the Kakatiya king Prola II and Prataparudra found at Karimnagar and Srisailam suggest evidence of its rich history. Karimnagar is a prominent agricultural center in the state. Vast agricultural area around the town is watered by the Godavari River. Places of tourist interest around the town include Elgandal (10 km) and Vemulawada (35 km).Karimnagar is well connected to Warangal, Nizamabad , Medak and other parts of the state by road. Nearest airport is at Hyderabad (160 km). Karimnagar district is bounded by Warangal and Medak districts in the South, Nizamabad district in the West, Madhya Pradesh state in the east and Adilabad district in the North directions.

The name Karimnagar is derived from Syed Karimuddin, a Quiladar. It is known for Vedic learning from ancient times. Karimnagar is located at a distance of 165 Km from Hyderabad, the capital city of Andhra Pradesh.The river Godavari adds to the beauty of this place. Many large scale companies like NTPC, Kesoram Cements, Ramagundam-singareni collieries etc. are located in and around Karimnagar. Holy places like Vemulawada, Dharmapuri, Kaleshwaram, KondaGattu etc. are present in Karimnagar district. The locals specialise in Silver Filigree, a delicate form of metal work.

The history of the Karimnagar district starts from the Old Stone Age i.e. from 1,48,000 BC. It is evident from the tools, culture and other materials found at different places in Karimnagar. The exhaustions at Pedda Bonkur, Dhollikatte and Kotilingalu are evidences for history. From these evidences it is concluded that Karimnagar is ruled by Shathavahanas. After Shathavahanas Mourya Kings, Asafzalu Kings ruled over Karimnagar. The buildings, constructions made by these kings are today remarkable evidences of the history.

Kotilingala in Karimnagar district was the first capital of the Satavahana Kingdom (230 BCE–220 CE). Formerly known asSabbinadu, inscriptions dating to the Kakatiya dynasty (1083–1323) kings Prola II and Prataparudra found at Karimnagar andSrisailam provide evidence of the area's rich history.

The history of the Karimnagar district began in the Old Stone Age around 1,48,000 BC. Archaeological excavations in Pedda Bonkur, Dhulikatta and Kotilingalu show that the area was once ruled by the Satvahanas, Mauryas and Asaf Jahis.

Located 10 kilometres (6.2 mi) from Karimnagar City, Elagandal, originally known as Veligundula, is a hillfort built during the Kakatiya era, which served as a stronghold for the warrior Musunuri Nayaks and Recharla padmanayaks.[clarification needed Who were these?] The Qutb Shahi dynasty occupied the fort in the 16th century and posted Quinamul Mulk as commander. Subsequently, it fell under the administrative control of the Mughal Empire. Amin Khan was appointed as Khiledar of Elagandal during the reign of Nizam of Hyderabad Nizam-ul-Mulk, Asaf Jah I (r. 1724–1748) followed by Muqarrab Khan. Mirza ibrahim dhamsa became Khiledar during the reign of Nawab Salabat Jung. Dhamsa rebuilt and strengthened the fort in 1754 during the Rule of Sikindar Jha (r.1803-1823). Bahadur Khan and Karimuddin served as Khiledars. Karimnagar was named after Karimuddin. While reorganising the districts, Mahbub Ali Khan, the Sixth Nizam, shifted the District Headquarters from Elagandal to Karimnagar in 1905.

The city of Karimnagar is run by the Karimnagar Municipal Corporation. The Municipality of Karimnagar was upgraded to incorporated in 2005. Thousands of people within city limits reside outside corporation boundaries. Many areas on the outskirts have yet to be merged into corporation limits. The total population of the city (along with Karimnagar Sub-Urban and Karimnagar Rural) is around 3,30,000. The Municipal Corporation consists of members elected from the wards of the city. The Mayor and Deputy Mayor are elected by the members among themselves. A Municipal Commissioner, who is from the Indian Administrative Service is appointed to head the administrative staff of the Municipal Corporation and implement the decisions of the Corporation and prepare its annual budget. The literacy rate of Karimnagar Agglomeration is 84.93% which is almost equals to National Urban average of 85%. Literacy rate for male and female for Karimnagar stood at 91.06% and 78.69% respectively.

The city of Karimnagar is run by the Karimnagar Municipal Corporation. The Municipality of Karimnagar was incorporated in 2005. Karimnagar is run by the Karimnagar Municipal Corporation, consisting of elected representatives and a commissioner. The city is divided into wards, and each ward elects a corporator. A mayor is elected for the city from the elected corporators by indirect ballot. The commissioner (part of the IAS) is appointed by the state government. The city is represented at the state level in theTelangana State Assembly by two MLAs, and at the federal level in the Lok Sabha by an MP.

Karimnagar has evolved into a major health centre at the beginning of the 21st century because it is centrally located to all the talukaslike Jagtial, Sircilla, Ramagundam, Kodimyal, Manthani, Huzurabad, Jammikunta, Husnabad, Choppadandi, Malyal and Gangadhara. Patients come from all over the district. Government Civil Hospital is the dominant medical institution.

The spring festival of Bathukamma is typical in this region. Other major Hindu festivals celebrated in the region include Ugadi, Sri Ramanavami, Vinayaka Chavithi, Holi, Sri Krishna Janmashtami, Dasara, Deepavali, Sankranti, and Maha Sivaratri.

Muslims in this area also celebrate Eid-ul-Fitr, Eid al-Adha, Ramadan (ninth month of the Islamic calendar), Laylat al-Qadr (Shab-e-Qadr), Isra and Mi'raj (Shab-e-Meraj), Shab-e-barat (Mid-Sha'ban), Milad-un-Nabi (Mawlid) and Muharram (Day of Ashura). These are usually greeted with great pomp and ceremony. Christians in this area celebrate Christmas and Good Friday.

Elgandal Fort Lower Manair Dam Ujwala park Deer Park Buddhist Mahastupa, Dhulikatta Sri Raja Rajeshwara Swamy Temple, Vemulawada Anjaneya Swamy Temple, Kondagattu Narasimha Swamy Temple, Dharmapuri Kaleswara Muktheswara Swamy Temple, Kaleshwaram Nagunur Fort Ramagiri Killa Vemulawada


 

Vemulawada

Vemulawada (or Vemulavada) is a town 35 km from Karimnagar, in the Telangana state, India. It is known for the Sri Raja Rajeshwara Swamy Temple complex, a site of pilgrimage for Hindu worshippers, particularly devotees of Shiva.

Dharmapuri

Dharmapuri attained religious importance for the shrine dedicated to Narasimha Swamy, an incarnation of Lord Vishnu. Particular sites include Siva with Dakshinamurthy, Vinayaka and Sapitha Mathrukas carved on a single slab of stone; and Mahishasuramardhani, the sixty pillared temple, Mahalakshmi temple, Akkapalle Rajanna, and over five hundred year old sri Sita Rama Swami temple.

Kondagattu

Kondagattu is a temple about 35 km from the district headquarters, dedicated to Lord Anjaneya Swamy. According to folklore, the temple was constructed by a cowherd in the 18th century. The present day temple was built in the 19th century by Krishna Rao Deshmukh. It is believed that if a woman offers puja for 40 days at this temple then she will be blessed with a child. It is about 30 km from Vemulavada. There is a Ghatroad from hilltop to base station.

Kaleshwaram

Kaleshwaram is the site of the Shiva temple called "Kaleswara muktheswara swamy". Significance of the Mukteshwara Swamy Temple is the unique presence of two Shiva Lingas found on a single pedestal—one is Lord Shiva and the other Lord Yama—collectively known as Kaleswara Mukteswara Swamy. This place is also called Dakshina Triveni Sangamam. Kaleshwaram village is in Mahadevpur mandal of Karimnagar district, 125 kilometres from the town of Karimnagar and 60 kilometres from Manthani. Kaleshwaram is located exactly at the merging point of the Godavari River and its tributary, the River Pranahita.

Kothakonda

Kothakonda is a beautiful village surrounded on all the sides by picturesque hills. It is known for the famous temple dedicated to Sri Veerabhadra Swamy(An incarnation of Lord Siva). This place is just 5Km away from the famous Mulkanoor village known all over the country for the it’s cooperative movement. Former Prime Minister Mr. P.V Narasimha Rao headed this cooperative society in his initial days.

Komuravelli

This temple is dedicated to Lord Sri Mallikarjuna swamy a fierce looking deity along with Kethamma and Medalamma on the both sides of the main deity. The temple is located in a cave on a small hillock at a distance of 110 Kms from warangal. Lakhs of piligrims congregate on the eve of Makara Sankranthi as Brahmotsavam starts. The clay molded deity of Lord Mallikarjuna swamy is believed to be made 500 years ago. The temple is renovated and mandapamas and choultries etc., are constructed by Endowments Department. The 'pedda patnam' celebrated on Maha Sivaratri day attract pilgrims in lakhs. It is located at a distance of 85 kms from the state capital on Karimnagar - Hyderabad - Highway (Rajiv Rahadari). People also calls him as “Komuravelli Mallanna", this temple is one of the famous temple in Telangana Region.

Notable People · P. V. Narasimha Rao, 9th Prime Minister of India · C. Narayana Reddy, Poet, Writer, Lyricist, Composer, Playwright, received Padma Shri in 1977, Kala Prapoorna in 1978, India's third Highest Civilian Award, the Padma Bhushan in 1992, India's one of the highest honorary literature Award, the Jnanpith Award in 1988 · Chennamaneni Vidyasagar Rao, Governor of Maharashtra,former Union Minister of State of India and two times MP from Karimnagar · N. Kumarayya, retired Chief Justice of Andhra Pradesh and ex-judge of the World Bank Administrative Tribunal · Professor G. Ram Reddy, University Grants Commission Chairman (1990–1993), Vice-Chancellor of Indira Gandhi National Open University, Vice-Chancellor of Osmania University · Anabheri Prabhakar Rao, Freedom Fighter and Telangana Rebellion Martyr · Baddam Yella Reddy Late MLA and Communist Leader and freedom fighter. · Professor T. Navneet Rao, Vice-Chancellor, Osmania University · Ch. Rajeshwar Rao, Freedom fighter and six time MLA from Sircilla. · Ch. Hanumanth Rao, Planning commission member, India · Paidi Jairaj, film actor, director, producer and recipient of Dadasaheb Phalke Award for lifetime achievement in 1980. · Juvvadi Chokka Rao, three time MP from Karimnagar · M. Satyanarayana Rao, three time MP, one time MLA and PCC president · Dr. E.V. Rathnaiah, Professor, SCERT and NCERT, Hyderabad

Education

Karimnagar is a major education centre in North-western Telangana. Karimnagar has produced many renowned intellectuals, politicians, poets and technologists over several decades. P.V. Narasimha Rao, former Indian Prime Minister, is among them. Another was Justice N. Kumarayya, who retired as Chief Justice of Andhra Pradesh and worked for five years as a Judge of the World Bank Administrative Tribunal beginning in 1980. He had the unique distinction of being the first Osmanian ever to become a Judge of High Court in 1955, and later as Chief Justice of Andhra Pradesh in 1969. Many software students, born and educated in Karimnagar, have migrated to major metropolitan areas in India and across the globe.

Universities · JNTUH College of Engineering Jagtial, located at Kondagattu, Mallial(M), Karimnagar Dist. jntuh cej · JNTUH College of Engineering Manthani, located at Pannuru, Mulkapalli(V), Kamanpur(M), Manthani Assembly Constituency, i.e., near Centenary Colony, Karimnagar Dist.jntuh cem · Satavahana University,Karimnagar[19] · National Academy of Construction (NAC) has established its one regional centre at Jagtial in Karimnagar district.[20]

The district is also home to many heritage destinations such as Nagunur Fort, Dhulikatta, Elgandal fort, Molanguru Fort, Ramagiri Killa etc. The waters of lower Manair Dam is a spectacle to behold. Karimnagar is a resource rich district.

Economy of Karimnagar district is mainly dependent on agriculture and it's allied industries such as rice mills, saw, oil, other grain mills, animal husbandry, seed and other processing mills etc. There are 5806 small scale industries in the district providing employment of about 42619 people as of 31 March 2006. Other important small sector industries include manufacture of paper, tiles, stone dressing and crushing, cement concrete pipes etc. Silver filigree work is also famous in Karimnagar city and provide livelihood to a lot of artisans. There is a new granite industry growing around Karimnagar city after government lands containing granite were leased. The major industries in the district are National Thermal Power Corporation(NTPC),Ramagundam, Singareni Collieries at Godavarikhani, Kesoram Cement Factory at Basantnagar etc.

Industrial city

The city Jammikunta in the district is one of the major industrial cities in the state.The Food Corporation of India and Market yard in the city are the one amongst the largest in India and northern Telangana respectively

NTPC Ramagundam

NTPC Ramagundam, a part of National Thermal Power Corporation, is a 2600 MW Power station situated at Ramagundam in the state of Telangana, India. It is the current largest power station in South India. It is the first ISO 14001 certified "Super Thermal Power Station" in India.

This Navaratna Public sector undertaking has completed 25 years of service. The Corporation during this period grew to be a front runner in the Indian Power Sector and is ranked as the 6th largest Power Generator in the world, with an installed capacity of 19,435 MW.

Singareni Collieries Company Limited (SCCL)

The company's accredited function is to explore and exploit the coal deposits in the Godavari valley coalfield, which is the only repository of coal in South India. Mining activities of SCCL are presently spread over four districts of Andhra Pradesh Viz. Adilabad, Karimnagar, Khammam and Warangal.

Kesoram Cement Factory

Kesoram Cement is one of the Birla group of companies.It was incorated in 1967. The plant is one of the biggest in south India and can produce cement with a capacity of 2500 metric tones per day.[15] The technical objectives of the company are to develop indigenous technology and integrate foreign technology wherever necessary.

Granite Industry

Karimnagar district is known for its popular Tan Brown and Maple Red variety of granite. The granite from Karimnagar district in general and Odyaram village in particular was used extensively by China during the 2008 Beijing Olympics. Ever since, China has been using granite from Karimnagar district. It has become a popular brand the world over and all the Asian countries, including Japan, have started using the granite for various projects. Several countries began using the granite because of its low cost and superior quality. In Karimnagar district, there are over 600 stone quarries spread over several mandals such as Karimnagar, Manakondur, Mallial, Kesavapatnam etc. However, the popular quarries, which have a sway in the global market, number around 20. Every month about 10,000 to 12,000 cubic meters of granite stones are being exported to China and other countries. Each cubic metre of granite costs around Rs. 12,000 to Rs. 15,000. Every year, the granite stone business turnover crosses over Rs. 5 billion in the district. It has also become a good source of income for the railways, which has constructed special platforms for transportation of granite from

Karimnagar, Gangadhara and Uppal railway stations in the district to Kakinada and Chennai ports for export to China. The stone is exported to China where it is polished and then marketed to Japan and other Asian countries. The cranes deployed for lifting of huge blocks of granite at the railway stations were also earning lakhs of rupees. Besides, it is also providing employment to several labourers and others.

The name Karimnagar is derived from Syed Karimuddin, a Quiladar. It is known for Vedic learning from ancient times. Karimnagar is located at a distance of 165 Km from Hyderabad, the capital city of Andhra Pradesh. It is rich in Natural Resources. The river Godavari adds to the beauty of this place. Many large scale companies like NTPC, Kesoram Cements, Ramagundam-singareni collieries etc. are located in and around Karimnagar. Holy places like Vemulawada, Dharmapuri, Kaleshwaram, KondaGattu etc. are present in Karimnagar district. The locals specialise in Silver Filigree, a delicate form of metal work. Shivaram wildlife sanctuary is located at 80km from here. It harbours Marsh Crocodiles of river Godavari, Panthers, Sloth Bears, Black Buck, Cheetal, Python and Langoor. It is a 137sq. km riverine forest mixed with teak and terminalia.

Kaleshwaram Travel Information

This pictureque spot, surrounded by thick forests is located 130 Kms from Karimnagar, 32 Kms from Manthani and lies on the confluence of the River Pranahitha and the River Godavari.The ancient temple dedicated to Mukteshwara swamy is of special significance as two Shivalinga's are found on a single pedestal. Besides several temples situated here the one dedicated to Brahma is rather uncommon.

Vemulawada - Rajarajeshawara Temple

Located 38 kms from Karimnagar, at Vemulawada is the famous temple dedicated to Lord Rajarajeshwara swamy which draws pilgrims from far. Built by Chaluka Kings between the 750 A.D. & 975 A.D., the complex houses several temples dedicated to deities like Sri Rama, Lakshmana,Raja Rajeshwari Devi, Ganapathy,Nagareshwara Swamy,Pochamma,Ayyappa,Sai Baba and Lord Padmanabha Swamy. Another interesting temple is dedicated to Lord Bhimeshwara.

There are a number of open galleries in the complex that are worth seeing; especially the Mirror gallery (Addala Mantapa) and a corridor with a number of Shiva idols that is Koti Lingalu. The tank at the temple, called Dhrama Gundam, by itself is a place of tourist interest since its believed that the water has curative properties. Pilgrims first bathe in this tank & then proceed for darshan.Inside the temple one Kashivishwanatha Swamy temple located.In that Temple one Lady statue is placed with rock,on her head one hole is their if we pour water in that hole that water comes through her hands and those water pour on shiva their located this is also one special.

Interestingly there is a Muslim Dargah inside the temple complex where all devotees irrespective of caste or creed offer prayers.

Kondagattu - Lord Anjaneya Temple

About 35Kms from Karimnagar is this breathtaking temple of Lord Anjaneya Swamy. Situated amidst hills, valleys & water springs Kondagattu is blessed by nature and very scenic. According to the folklore, the temple was constructed by a cowherd some 300 years ago. The present day temple has been built 160 years ago by Krishna Rao Deshmukh. It is believed that if a women offers puja for 40 days at this temple then she will be blessed with a child.

Apart from the temple, the fort of Kondalaraya & Bojjapotana caves are worth seeing at Kondagattu.

Yagna Varaha swamy temple

This is a very famous temple in the district of Karimnagar, Andhra Pradesh, India. The presiding diety of this kshetram is Lord Yagna Varaha swamy (third incarnation of Lord Maha Vishnu). There are very few temples in India dedicated to Varaha swamy and this is one such rare temple. The other famous Varaha swamy temples are located in Tirumala, Simhachalam, Sri Mushnam.

There are other sannidhis in the temple namely Ratna Garbha Ganapathi,Sri Rama Sathya Narayana swamy, Anantha Nagendra, Navagrahas, Vaagvaadini Maha Saraswathi, Vasudha Lakshmi (Bhudevi), Vara Durga and Anjaneya swamy.

The temple is maintained by Sarvavaidika Samsthanam (SVS). Sarvavaidika Samsthanam conducted many Yagnas and krathus in this kshetram namely Rakshognesti, Srimath Ramayana Mahakrathuvu, Ashotara kundaathmaka Maha Lakshmi Yagam, Koti Kumkumarchana to name a few. The temple was consecrated in the year 1986 and recently celebrated its Mahasamprokshana (Maha Kumbhabhishekam) in the year 2009. The temple conducts many rituals round the year like Brahmotsavam, Pavitrotsavam, Varaha Jayanthi, Vara Lakshmi vratham, Sathya Narayana Vrathams, Ganesh Navaratri, Devi Navaratri etc in a grand manner. The rituals are done as per Vaikhanasa Agama. Please visit www.svskarimnagar.org for regular updates on temple activities. Do visit the temple and seek the choicest blessings of Lord Varaha swamy. To know more about temple please contact temple Incharge   at svskarimnagar@gmail.com

Elgandal - Khilla & Dho Minar

Located 15 Kms from Karimnagar town, Elgandal was the the District capital under sthe Nizams (till abt 1948). The Elgandal Khilla is is about 25 sq. Km. and at a height apporximately equal to Hyderabad Golkonda Killa. The has facilities like Raja Mandir, Fight room, Store Room, many Phirangi places, Well, Bathing room as well as LaxmiNarasimha temple.DoMinar built by by Muslim kings (Nizams), has two tall pilars and the hight of the pillars is approximately equal to that of Hyderabad Charminar.



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